The world was urged to develop better, more effective COVID-19 vaccines.

In this illustration, a woman is holding a small bottle labeled with a “coronavirus COVID-19 vaccine” sticker and a medical syringe. – Reuters/File

According to World Health Organization (WHO) data, COVID-19 has infected more than 7 billion people worldwide. It started in China in September 2019 and gradually spread around the world.

It was so contagious that halfway through 2020 it was a matter of months before the world saw a complete lockdown. People stayed at home for weeks and the world came to a complete standstill. It was the world’s worst global health crisis.

As the saying goes. SARS-COV-2 Having jumped from bats to humans, it is likely that hundreds of other viruses – already living in animals – could be retransmitted and prove far more infectious and deadly.

Scientists have expressed their concerns about such a crisis in the future and called on the world to develop a vaccine that can more effectively protect against all coronaviruses, in an interview published in USA Today

Michael Osterholm, director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota, believed that such The vaccine Will prevent the virus from spreading widely.

New vaccines are needed.

Scientists have stressed that although the development of vaccines was a remarkable feat, they have their limitations despite their effectiveness.

Dr. Bruce Gillen, head of global public health strategy for the Rockefeller Foundation’s Institute for Epidemic Prevention, emphasized: “More preparedness for future virus exposures.”

The Rockefeller Group, the Gates Foundation and the Michael Osterholm Center have partnered and previously developed roadmaps for preventing diseases and outbreaks such as Ebola, Zika and influenza.

These three organizations can set examples and encourage others to contribute to developing such innovative and effective vaccines, Dr. Gillen said. “It’s all a matter of time,” he said.

As a vaccine is developed before any potential outbreak, it will reduce the time it takes for the virus to spread from person to person because the vaccination process will start immediately.

The scientists have further presented a road map for the implementation of such a project consisting of five major goals.

  • Understand viruses in nature and develop vaccines accordingly.
  • Vaccines that can prove safe and long-lasting against all coronaviruses.
  • Immune responses to vaccines need to be studied to accelerate the vaccine development process.
  • Test vaccines on animals to assess effectiveness.
  • Get support across the board and substantial financial aid.

The group, according to the strategic roadmap, plans to establish a comprehensive surveillance virus detection program to detect and act against viruses by 2024.

How to vaccinate?

The plan given by the scientists indicates the possible prospects for increasing the efficacy of the vaccine.

Initially, people need to be vaccinated in childhood or adulthood to boost their immunity against the coronavirus and its variants, he suggested.

Secondly, these vaccines should be kept as a strategic reserve. States should have sufficient stockpiles to deal with the initial outbreak if any coronavirus outbreak occurs, so that it can be contained in the early stages.

A third may be a combination of the two—routine vaccinations and enough reserves to cover emergencies.

It was emphasized that the cost of vaccines should not be high because low-income countries would not be able to afford stockpiling or vaccine development.

What’s in the future?

People have lived through nearly two years of COVID-19 with extreme difficulty, and no one would want to be in the same situation as during the pandemic.

Dr Gallen said the roadmap is drawn up when there is less willpower and less resources to tackle the challenge than during a pandemic.

Osterholm said the proposed map highlights a plan of action, however, it does not suggest who will be in charge of overseeing such activities and who will oversee operations.

“But at least it can help the government, philanthropists and researchers understand what’s going on and what needs to happen next,” he said, adding that “everyone has a completely transparent view.” What needs to be done and what is happening – or not happening. Done.”

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