Best Diet for People with High Blood Pressure to Avoid Kidney Problems – Check Complete List
By Dr. Amit Kumar Chaurasia
High blood pressure or high blood pressure is a common health problem that affects millions of people worldwide. High blood pressure can cause various health problems, including kidney disease. However, making diet and lifestyle changes can help prevent or manage high blood pressure and reduce the risk of kidney disease. The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) recommends the DASH diet for heart-healthy eating habits. This diet not only lowers blood pressure but also helps reduce the risk of kidney disease. A low-salt diet is key to controlling high blood pressure, and it emphasizes not adding table salt to food.
High blood pressure: key features of the DASH diet
What does the DASH diet emphasize? These include fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, fat-free or low-fat dairy products, lean proteins such as fish, poultry, and beans, healthy monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats, including nuts and seeds, and potassium. Foods rich in calcium, magnesium are included. , fiber, and lean protein. What foods does the DASH diet restrict? It restricts foods high in saturated and trans fats, high-sodium foods, sugar-sweetened beverages, and sweets.
To achieve optimal health, dietary goals should be 27% of calories from total fat, 6% of calories from saturated fat, 18% of calories from protein, 55% from carbohydrates, 150 mg of cholesterol, 2300 mg of cholesterol. sodium (even better if reduced to 1500mg to control high blood pressure), 4700mg potassium, 1250mg calcium, 500mg magnesium, and 30g fiber.
Best diet for high blood pressure patients
Here are some types of foods that high blood pressure patients can eat to maintain a healthy diet:
Cereals: This category includes bread, cereals, rice and pasta. Focus on whole grains by looking for foods marked as 100% whole grain or whole wheat, such as whole grain bread or brown rice. Avoid spreading butter, cream, cheese and sausage.
Vegetables: High blood pressure patients can eat tomatoes, carrots, broccoli, sweet potatoes, greens and other vegetables. Exceptions – avocados and coconuts.
Dairy: Low-fat or fat-free milk, yogurt, cheese and other dairy products are good options for high blood pressure patients.
Lean meat, poultry and fish: Trim the skin and fat from the meat and then boil, grill, roast or poach instead of roasting. Heart-healthy fish, such as salmon, herring, and tuna (rich in omega-3 fatty acids) are also good choices.
Nuts, seeds and legumes: Almonds, sunflower seeds, kidney beans, peas, lentils, and soybean products (tofu, tempeh) are good alternatives to meat. However, nuts are high in calories, so hypertensive patients should consume them in moderate amounts.
Fats and Oils: Patients with high blood pressure should consume 30% or less of their daily calories from fat. They should avoid trans fats found in crackers, baked goods, and fried foods, and limit saturated fat to less than 10% of total daily calories by limiting meat, butter, cheese, whole milk, cream, and eggs. Should.
Sweets: Patients with high blood pressure can choose sweets that are fat-free or low-fat, such as syrups, fruit ices, and jelly beans. They can also use artificial sweeteners wisely, such as aspartame and sucralose.
Alcohol and caffeine: Men should limit alcohol consumption to two or fewer drinks and women should limit it to one or less.
Fiber: Recommended amount, 22 to 34 grams for adults.
Minerals Potassium: The recommended daily amount is 4700 mg. (It may be difficult to get the recommended 15 daily intake from food alone, but bananas are a rich source of potassium.)
Calcium: Recommended amount between 1000-1300mg.
Vitamin B12: 2.4 micrograms recommended.
Vitamin D: 15 micrograms recommended; A 3-ounce serving of salmon contains about 20 micrograms.
Also Read: High Blood Sugar: 10 Best Fruits For Diabetics
(Disclaimer: Dr Amit Kumar Chaurasia Chief Cath Lab & TAV, Cardiology Unit ll, Artemis Hospital, Gurgaon. The views expressed in this article are those of the author. Zee News does not endorse the same.)